Three years ago the Vector™-system was introduced to the European market for ultrasonic periodontal treatment. The manufacturer claimed that the system removed root cementum and periodontal soft tissues less aggressively than hand instruments. Furthermore, the treatment with the Vector™-system was claimed to be less painful than treatment with conventional systems, as vibrations applied horizontally to the root surface were avoided by a specific oscillation pattern. In addition, by changing the different insert tips of the handpiece, it is possible to use the device not only for periodontal treatment but also in restorative dentistry (i.e. minimal invasive preparation). Several studies assessed the properties of the device, and evaluated its possible benefits especially for periodontal debridement and supportive periodontal care. This survey reviews the current use of the Vector™-system for periodontal therapy.
Keywords: Vector™-system, ultrasonic device, periodontal debridement