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PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today
PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today 2 (2005), No. 4     1. Dec. 2005
PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today 2 (2005), No. 4  (01.12.2005)

Page 285-291

Necrotising Stomatitis in a HIV-Seropositive Patient: Report of a Case and a Review of the Literature
Feller, Liviu/Wood, Neil H./Raubenheimer, Erich J.
Necrotizing gingivitis (NG), necrotizing periodontitis (NP) and necrotizing stomatitis (NS) are well documented oral diseases associated with HIV infection, and might represent a spectrum of clinical manifestations of a single infectious process. While NG is a relatively common periodontal disease mainly observed in early HIV infection, NS is less common, and is usually associated with a well-established HIV infection and deterioration in the immune status. However, all three conditions may arise in non-HIV affected individuals. A case is presented of NS occurring simultaneously with NG, but not on contiguous areas, leading to the diagnosis of HIV infection in a patient unaware of her HIV status, and the literature of NG and NS is reviewed.

Keywords: necrotizing stomatitis, necrotizing gingivitis