PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today
PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today 5 (2008), No. 4     4. June 2009
PERIO - Periodontal Practice Today 4 (2007), No. 3  (19.09.2007)

Page 203-214


Aetiology, diagnosis and management of halitosis: a review
Gnanasekhar, Johnson David
Halitosis is so common among any adult population group, that some believe this distressing breath condition to be within a range of normal breath odours. However, as halitosis often interferes with social relationships it has rapidly brought awareness among the general population. Assuming that the cause of halitosis is in the oral cavity, many rightly seek therapy from dentists. It therefore becomes necessary for dentists to have an understanding of the oral as well as the systemic factors that cause halitosis. This article aims to address some misconceptions, and reviews the current information on the aetiology, diagnosis and management of various types of halitosis, with an emphasis on halitosis originating in the oral cavity.

Keywords: halimeter, gas chromatography, organoleptic, substrates, volatile sulphur, compounds